Shenmao Capacitors specialized in aluminum electrolytic capacitors from 1970

How to judge the quality of the capacitor?

by:Shenmao     2021-06-12
How to measure the quality of small capacity capacitors? 1. Detect small capacitors below 10pF. Because the capacity of fixed capacitors below 10pF is too small, if you use an analog multimeter to measure, you can only qualitatively check whether there is leakage, internal short circuit or breakdown. When measuring, you can choose a multimeter R×10k block, and use the metal measuring rods of two electric meters to connect the two pins of the capacitor at will, and the resistance value should be infinite. If the measured resistance value (the indicator swings to the right) is zero, it means that the capacitor is damaged by leakage or internal breakdown. 2. For a fixed capacitance above 0.01μF, the R×10k block of an analog multimeter can be used to directly test whether the capacitor has charging process and whether there is internal short circuit or leakage, and the capacitance of the capacitor can be estimated according to the amplitude of the pointer swing to the right. How to detect the quality of electrolytic capacitors? 1. Because the capacity of electrolytic capacitors is much larger than that of general fixed capacitors, suitable ranges should be selected for different capacities when measuring. According to experience, in general, the capacitance between 1 and 47μF can be measured with the R×1k block, and the capacitance larger than 47μF can be measured with the R×100 block. 2. Connect the red metal measuring rod of the multimeter to the negative electrode, and the metal measuring rod of the black meter to the positive electrode. At the moment of contact, the pointer of the multimeter will deflect to the right by a greater degree (for the same electrical barrier, the greater the capacity, the greater the swing ), and then gradually turn to the left until it stops at a certain position. The resistance at this time is the forward leakage resistance of the electrolytic capacitor, which is slightly larger than the reverse leakage resistance. Practical experience shows that the leakage resistance of electrolytic capacitors should generally be more than several hundred kΩ, otherwise, it will not work normally. In the test, if there is no charging phenomenon in the forward and reverse directions, that is, the hand does not move, it means that the capacity has disappeared or the internal circuit is broken; if the measured resistance value is very small or zero, it means that the capacitor has a large leakage or has been broken down. Can no longer be used. 3. For electrolytic capacitors with unknown positive and negative signs, the above method of measuring leakage resistance can be used to determine. That is to measure the leakage resistance arbitrarily, remember its size, and then exchange the metal measuring rod of the meter to measure a resistance value. The larger resistance of the two measurements is the forward connection method, that is, the metal rod of the black meter is connected to the positive electrode, and the metal rod of the red meter is connected to the negative electrode. 4. Use a multimeter to block electricity, and use the method of forward and reverse charging the electrolytic capacitor. According to the magnitude of the pointer swing to the right, the capacity of the electrolytic capacitor can be estimated. 5. Measure the discharge speed of the capacitor. Use a digital multimeter to charge the capacitor at both ends and then open the circuit to measure the speed of the voltage drop. Because the capacitor is an open circuit, the only thing that consumes electricity is the leakage current. If you measure the voltage and time The curve can be used to deduct the leakage current. Remember to use a better digital multimeter, because the input impedance of the multimeter itself is limited no matter how large it is. If the leakage current of a capacitor of better quality is not large, then the input impedance of the digital multimeter is slightly smaller. It's not allowed. 6. Attention! If you need to measure positive and negative back and forth when measuring large capacity capacitors, short-circuit the capacitor and discharge it to avoid damage to the meter. According to experience, in high-frequency circuits, switching power supply circuits have many small capacitors that ordinary multimeters cannot correctly judge whether they are good or bad, and some capacitances may increase. It is strongly recommended to use a dedicated digital capacitance meter for measurement.
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